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Divisions in the Western Liberal Consensus

2023 Summer Conference:

Divisions in the Western Liberal Consensus

The Salvatori Center and the CMC Policy Lab recently hosted a special conference in Saint-Paul de Vence, France, where a group of US and European scholars convened to discuss how to strengthen democratic institutions in the US and the EU.


Zachary Courser

Co-Director, CMC Policy Lab

Fellow, Bipartisan Policy Center


Aurelian Crăiuțu

Political Science Chair,

Indiana University Bloomington


Michael Fortner

CMC; Criminal Justice Senior Fellow, Niskanen Center


Eric Helland

Co-Director, CMC Policy Lab


Maya Kandel

Associate Researcher at Université Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3


Laurence Nardon

Head of North American Program, Institut Français des Relations Internationales

Peter Neumann

Professor of Security Studies 

King's College, London


Mathilde Philip-Gay

Co-Director of the Center on Constitutional Rights, Universitè Lyon III


Invasion of Ukraine

The conference encompassed two full days of discussions in a seminar format led by various experts.

The first day's discussion centered on the lure of illiberalism, populism, nationalism and how these idealistic divisions have been strengthened by the Russian War in Ukraine.

The second day addressed western liberal policies that have been impacted by these challenges, such as foreign, defense and economic policies.


Dalibor Rohac

American Enterprise Institute Fellow


Jon Shields

CMC; Co-Director of the Open Academy


George Thomas

CMC; Director of the Salvatori Center for the Study of Individual Freedom


Divisions in the Western Liberal Consensus

2023 Fall Conference:

Citizenship, Knowledge, and
Constitutional Democracy

Held at CMC with Critical Review

Essays will be featured in symposium in Critical Review in 2024.


Elizabeth Beaumont

Associate Professor of Politics

UC Santa Cruz


Nick Buccola

Professor of Government,

Claremont McKenna College


Simone Chambers

Professor of Political Science,

UC Irvine


Sam De Canio

Senior Lecturer in Political Economy, King's College


Kevin Elliott

Lecturer in Ethics, Politics & Economics, Yale


John Finn

Professor Emeritus in the Department of Government, Weselyan University


Jeremy Fortier

Professor of Politics, Colgate University


Russell Muirhead

Professor of Democracy and Politics, Dartmouth College


Josiah Ober

Professor of Political Science, Stanford


Melissa Schwartzberg

Professor of Politics, NYU


George Thomas

CMC; Director of the Salvatori Center for the Study of Individual Freedom

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The Salvatori Center co-sponsored the inaugural conference of the International Machiavelli Society (IMS), which took place in Rome, between December 13th and 16th, 2023.  Over the course of four days, more than 120 Machiavelli scholars from around the world discussed Machiavelli's views on liberty, the state, and war, his literary works and new information regarding his life, as well as new documents recently discovered in archives, which will enrich our understanding of his famous treatises, The Prince and Discourses on Livy.  


Plenary sessions throughout the conference brought together authors of the most important books on Machiavelli written in the past ten years.  Several panels were also devoted to the reception of Machiavelli's thought and the ways in which it influenced modern political philosophy around the world, over the past 500 years.  The IMS presented a lifetime achievement award to Harvey C. Mansfield, for his contributions to the study of Machiavelli, not least through his translations of his works into English.  


The conference was hosted by Università Roma Tre, and the inaugural sessions took place at the Capitol, where the welcome address was delivered by the Mayor of Rome, Roberto Gualtieri.  The conference was featured in several major Italian newspapers.  The founding committee of the IMS includes Salvatori faculty member Ioannis D. Evrigenis.  Planning is underway for the next conference, which will most likely take place in Paris, in 2025, to be followed by a conference in Machiavelli's home city, Florence, in 2027, the 500th anniversary of Machiavelli's death.

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